Duty To Register Arkansas

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12-12-906. Duty to register or verify registration generally — Review of requirements with offenders.

(a) (1) (A) (i) At the time of adjudication of guilt, the sentencing court shall enter on the judgment and commitment or judgment and disposition form that the offender is required to register as a sex offender and shall indicate whether the:

(a) Offense is an aggravated sex offense;

(b) Sex offender has been adjudicated guilty of a prior sex offense under a separate case number; or

(c) Sex offender has been classified as a sexually violent predator.

(ii) If the sentencing court finds the offender is required to register as a sex offender, then at the time of adjudication of guilt the sentencing court shall require the sex offender to complete the sex offender registration form prepared by the Director of the Arkansas Crime Information Center pursuant to 12-12-908 and shall forward the completed sex offender registration form to the Arkansas Crime Information Center.

(B) (i) The Department of Correction shall ensure that a sex offender received for incarceration has completed the sex offender registration form.

(ii) If the Department of Correction cannot confirm that the sex offender has completed the sex offender registration form, the Department of Correction shall require the sex offender to complete the sex offender registration form upon intake, release, or discharge.

(C) (i) The Department of Community Correction shall ensure that a sex offender placed on probation or another form of community supervision has completed the sex offender registration form.

(ii) If the Department of Community Correction cannot confirm that the sex offender has completed the sex offender registration form, the Department of Community Correction shall require the sex offender to complete the sex offender registration form upon intake, release, or discharge.

(D) (i) The Arkansas State Hospital shall ensure that the sex offender registration form has been completed for any sex offender found not guilty by reason of insanity and shall arrange an evaluation by Sex Offender Screening and Risk Assessment.

(ii) If the Arkansas State Hospital cannot confirm that the sex offender has completed the sex offender registration form, the Arkansas State Hospital shall ensure that the sex offender registration form is completed for the sex offender upon intake, release, or discharge.

(2) (A) A sex offender moving to or returning to this state from another jurisdiction shall register with the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction within three (3) business days after the sex offender establishes residency in a municipality or county of this state.

(B) (i) Any person living in this state who would be required to register as a sex offender in the jurisdiction in which he or she was adjudicated guilty of a sex offense shall register as a sex offender in this state whether living, working, or attending school or other training in Arkansas.

(ii) A nonresident worker or student who enters the state shall register in compliance with Pub. L. No. 109-248, as it existed on January 1, 2007.

(C) A sex offender sentenced and required to register outside of Arkansas shall:

(i) Submit to assessment by Sex Offender Screening and Risk Assessment;

(ii) Provide a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sample if a sample is not already accessible to the State Crime Laboratory; and

(iii) Pay the mandatory fee of two hundred fifty dollars ($250) to be deposited into the DNA Detection Fund established by 12-12-1119.

(b) (1) The registration file of a sex offender who is confined in a correctional facility or serving a commitment following acquittal on the grounds of mental disease or defect shall be inactive until the registration file is updated by the department responsible for supervision of the sex offender.

(2) Immediately prior to the release or discharge of a sex offender or immediately following a sex offender’s escape or his or her absconding from supervision, the Department of Correction, the Department of Community Correction, the Arkansas State Hospital, or the Department of Human Services shall update the registration file of the sex offender who is to be released or discharged or who has escaped or has absconded from supervision.

(c) (1) (A) When registering a sex offender as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the sentencing court, the Department of Correction, the Department of Community Correction, the Arkansas State Hospital, the Department of Human Services, or the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall:

(i) Inform the sex offender of the duty to submit to assessment and to register and obtain the information required for registration as described in 12-12-908;

(ii) Inform the sex offender that if the sex offender changes residency within the state, the sex offender shall give the new address and place of employment, education, higher education, or training to the Arkansas Crime Information Center in writing no later than ten (10) days before the sex offender establishes residency or is temporarily domiciled at the new address;

(iii) (a) Inform the sex offender that if the sex offender changes residency to another state or enters another state to work or attend school, the sex offender must also register in that state regardless of permanent residency.

(b) The sex offender shall register the new address and place of employment, education, higher education, or training with the center and with a designated law enforcement agency in the new state not later than three (3) business days after the sex offender establishes residence or is temporarily domiciled in the new state;

(iv) Obtain fingerprints and a photograph of the sex offender if these have not already been obtained in connection with the offense that triggered registration;

(v) Obtain a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sample if one has not already been provided;

(vi) Require the sex offender to complete the entire registration process, including, but not limited to, requiring the sex offender to read and sign a form stating that the duty of the sex offender to register under this subchapter has been explained;

(vii) Inform the sex offender that if the sex offender’s address changes within the state or to another state due to an eviction, natural disaster, or any other unforeseen circumstance, the sex offender shall give the new address to the center in writing no later than three (3) business days after the sex offender establishes residency;

(viii) Inform a sex offender who has been granted probation that failure to comply with the provisions of this subchapter may be grounds for revocation of the sex offender’s probation; and

(ix) Inform a sex offender subject to lifetime registration under 12-12-919 of the duty to:

(a) Verify registration and obtain the information required for registration verification as described in subsections (g) and (h) of this section; and

(b) Ensure that the information required for reregistration verification under subsections (g) and (h) of this section is provided to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.

(B) (i) Any offender required to register as a sex offender must provide a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sample, that is, a blood sample or saliva sample, upon registering if a sample has not already been provided to the State Crime Laboratory.

(ii) Any offender required to register as a sex offender who is entering the State of Arkansas must provide a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sample, that is, a blood sample or saliva sample, upon registration and must pay the mandatory fee of two hundred fifty dollars ($250) to be deposited into the DNA Detection Fund established by 12-12-1119.

(2) When updating the registration file of a sex offender, the Department of Correction, the Department of Community Correction, the Arkansas State Hospital, or the Department of Human Services shall:

(A) Review with the sex offender the duty to register and obtain current information required for registration as described in 12-12-908;

(B) Review with the sex offender the requirement that if the sex offender changes address within the state, the sex offender shall give the new address to the center in writing no later than ten (10) days before the sex offender establishes residency or is temporarily domiciled at the new address;

(C) Review with the sex offender the requirement that if the sex offender changes address to another state, the sex offender shall register the new address with the center and with a designated law enforcement agency in the new state not later than three (3) business days after the sex offender establishes residence or is temporarily domiciled in the new state if the new state has a registration requirement;

(D) Require the sex offender to read and sign a form stating that the duty of the sex offender to register under this subchapter has been reviewed;

(E) Inform the sex offender that if the sex offender’s address changes within the state or to another state due to an eviction, natural disaster, or any other unforeseen circumstance, the sex offender shall give the new address to the center in writing no later than three (3) business days after the sex offender establishes residency;

(F) Review with the sex offender the consequences of failure to provide any information required by subdivision (b)(2) of this section;

(G) Inform a sex offender subject to lifetime registration under 12-12-919 of the duty to:

(i) Verify registration and report the information required for registration verification as described in subsections (g) and (h) of this section; and

(ii) Ensure that the information required for registration verification under subsections (g) and (h) of this section is provided to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction; and

(H) Review with a sex offender subject to lifetime registration under 12-12-919 the consequences of failure to verify registration under 12-12-904.

(d) When registering or updating the registration file of a sexually violent predator, in addition to the requirements of subdivision (c)(1) or (2) of this section, the sentencing court, the Department of Correction, the Department of Community Correction, the Arkansas State Hospital, the Department of Human Services, or the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall obtain documentation of any treatment received for the mental abnormality or personality disorder of the sexually violent predator.

(e) Any sex offender working, enrolled, or volunteering in a public or private elementary, secondary or postsecondary school, or institution of training shall notify the center of that status and shall register with the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over that campus.

(f) (1) An offender required to register pursuant to this subchapter shall not change his or her name unless the change is:

(A) Incident to a change in the marital status of the sex offender; or

(B) Necessary to effect the exercise of the religion of the sex offender.

(2) The change in the sex offender’s name shall be reported to the Director of the Arkansas Crime Information Center within ten (10) calendar days after the change in name.

(3) A violation of this subsection is a Class C felony.

(g) (1) Except as provided in subsection (h) of this section, beginning April 7, 2006, a sex offender subject to lifetime registration under 12-12-919 shall report in person every six (6) months after registration to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction to verify registration.

(2) The local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction may determine the appropriate times and days for reporting by the sex offender, and the determination shall be consistent with the reporting requirements of subdivision (g)(1) of this section.

(3) Registration verification shall include reporting any change to the following information concerning the sex offender:

(A) Name;

(B) Social security number;

(C) Age;

(D) Race;

(E) Gender;

(F) Date of birth;

(G) Height;

(H) Weight;

(I) Hair and eye color;

(J) (i) Address of any permanent residence and address of any current temporary residence within this state or out of this state, including a rural route address and a post office box.

(ii) A post office box shall not be provided in lieu of a physical residential address;

(K) Date and place of any employment;

(L) Vehicle make, model, color, and license tag number that the sex offender owns, operates, or to which he or she has access;

(M) (i) Fingerprints.

(ii) If the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction cannot confirm that the sex offender’s fingerprints are contained in the automated fingerprint identification system, the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall:

(a) Take the sex offender’s fingerprints; and

(b) Submit the fingerprints to the center and to the Department of Arkansas State Police; and

(N) (i) Photograph.

(ii) The local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall take a photograph of the sex offender at each registration verification and submit the photograph to the center.

(4) If the sex offender is enrolled or employed at an institution of higher education in this state, the sex offender shall also report to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction:

(A) The name and address of each institution, including each campus attended;

(B) The county where each campus is located; and

(C) His or her enrollment or employment status.

(5) If the place of residence of the sex offender is a motor vehicle, trailer, mobile home, modular home, or manufactured home, the sex offender shall report the following information concerning the motor vehicle, trailer, mobile home, modular home, or manufactured home:

(A) Vehicle identification number;

(B) License tag number;

(C) Registration number; and

(D) A description, including color scheme.

(6) If the place of residence of the sex offender is a vessel, live-aboard vessel, or houseboat, the sex offender shall report the following information concerning the vessel, live-aboard vessel, or houseboat:

(A) Hull identification number;

(B) Manufacturer’s serial number;

(C) Name;

(D) Registration number; and

(E) A description, including color scheme.

(h) (1) Beginning on March 21, 2007, a sexually violent predator subject to lifetime registration under 12-12-919 shall report in person every three (3) months after registration to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction to verify registration.

(2) The local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction may determine the appropriate times and days for reporting by the sexually violent predator, and the determination shall be consistent with the reporting requirements of subdivision (h)(1) of this section.

(3) Registration verification shall include reporting any change to the following information concerning the sexually violent predator:

(A) Name;

(B) Social security number;

(C) Age;

(D) Race;

(E) Gender;

(F) Date of birth;

(G) Height;

(H) Weight;

(I) Hair and eye color;

(J) (i) Address of any permanent residence and address of any current temporary residence within this state or out of this state, including a rural route address and a post office box.

(ii) A post office box shall not be provided in lieu of a physical residential address;

(K) Date and place of any employment;

(L) Vehicle make, model, color, and license tag number that the sexually violent predator owns, operates, or to which he or she has access;

(M) (i) Fingerprints.

(ii) If the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction cannot confirm that the sexually violent predator’s fingerprints are contained in the automated fingerprint identification system, the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall:

(a) Take the sexually violent predator’s fingerprints; and

(b) Submit the fingerprints to the center and to the Department of Arkansas State Police; and

(N) (i) Photograph.

(ii) The local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall take a photograph of the sexually violent predator at each registration verification and submit the photograph to the center.

(4) If the sexually violent predator is enrolled or employed at an institution of higher education in this state, the sexually violent predator shall also report to the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction:

(A) The name and address of each institution, including each campus attended;

(B) The county where each campus is located; and

(C) His or her enrollment or employment status.

(5) If the place of residence of the sexually violent predator is a motor vehicle, trailer, mobile home, modular home, or manufactured home, the sexually violent predator shall report the following information concerning the motor vehicle, trailer, mobile home, modular home, or manufactured home:

(A) Vehicle identification number;

(B) License tag number;

(C) Registration number; and

(D) A description, including color scheme.

(6) If the place of residence of the sexually violent predator is a vessel, live-aboard vessel, or houseboat, the sexually violent predator shall report the following information concerning the vessel, live-aboard vessel, or houseboat:

(A) Hull identification number;

(B) Manufacturer’s serial number;

(C) Name;

(D) Registration number; and

(E) A description, including color scheme.

(i) Within three (3) days after verifying the registration of a sex offender under subsection (g) of this section or a sexually violent predator under subsection (h) of this section, the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall report by written or electronic means all information obtained from or provided by the sex offender or sexually violent predator to the center.